Here is another Lenten reflection question for you: What do St. Francis of Assisi, Pope Francis, and belonging have in common? It was almost six years ago, in March 2013, that Pope Francis famously, and perhaps controversially, said that he wanted a “poor church for the poor.” Not surprisingly, this raised an eyebrow or two. Many online commentaries excoriated the pope as an opponent of capitalism, socialist-in-religious clothing, or another South-American-reactionary-liberation theologian. Equally, many have concluded that Pope Francis wants Catholics to devote greater attention to poverty-alleviation social programs. Both miss the deeper meaning Pope Francis attaches to poverty. Continue reading
During the final week of February, the parish staff participated in an overnight retreat led by Fr. David Convertino, OFM, one of our Franciscan brothers. We are a busy staff whose ministry and schedules do not often see the whole staff in the office most days. Given some ministries require weekend work and some do not, it turns out Tuesday is the only day the whole staff is present. So, it was a wonderful time to be away together as brothers and sisters in Christ without the ebb and flow of life and service in the weekday parish office.
In his opening remarks, Fr. David asked, “What do St. Francis, Pope Francis, and home have in common?” He then led us through a series of talks about the connected values of poverty, mercy, and belonging as revealed in the stories of St. Francis of Assisi. I certainly would not attempt to condense the retreat into this column – besides, I am still thinking about Fr. David’s question. And here are some thoughts.
In March 2013, Pope Francis famously, and perhaps controversially, said that he wanted a “poor church for the poor.” Not surprisingly, this raised an eyebrow or two. Many online commentaries have excoriated the pope as an opponent of capitalism, socialist-in-religious clothing, or another South-American-reactionary-liberation theologian. Equally, many have concluded that Pope Francis wants Catholics to devote greater attention to poverty-alleviation social programs. Both miss the deeper meaning Francis attaches to poverty.
No one should be surprised Pope Francis is so vocal about material poverty. After all, he comes from Latin America: a part of the world in which millions seem locked into dire poverty. You would have to be less-than-human not to be disturbed by the contrast between Buenos Aires’s beautiful Recoleta district which gives the city the appellation “Paris of the South,” and the misery of a Buenos Aires slum like Villa Rodrigo Bueno. The pope has made it clear that indifference in the face of such disparities is not optional. But in understanding Francis’s words about poverty, we should remember his conception of poverty and the poor goes far beyond conventional secular understandings of these subjects.
Pope Francis said this about Christianity and poverty: “For us Christians, poverty is not a sociological, philosophical, or cultural category. No, it is a theological category. I would say, perhaps the first category, because God, the Son of God, abased Himself, made Himself poor to walk with us on the road. And this is our poverty: the poverty of the flesh of Christ, the poverty that the Son of God brought us with His Incarnation. A poor Church for the poor begins by going to the flesh of Christ. If we go to the flesh of Christ, we begin to understand something, to understand what this poverty is, the poverty of the Lord.”
It is strange to think about the “poverty of the flesh of Christ,” but in this view, the pope and St. Francis share a common view. The pope uses the language of the humility of Christ to come take on our flesh; St. Francis speaks of the condescending of Christ using the Latin condescendere – the stepping down to the posture of a servant. Each paints a verbal portrait of the beloved Son of our Heavenly Father becoming one of us to serve us that we might join the table. Each points to the Eucharist as the earthly invitation to the table. Each challenges us to our own condescendere in the way we invite others. Pope Francis posed two questions to his listeners: “Tell me, when you give alms do you look into the eyes of the man or woman to whom you give alms? And when you give alms, do you touch the hand of the one to whom you give alms, or do you toss the coin?”
What do St. Francis, Pope Francis, and Belonging have in common? I hope you weren’t expecting a one-sentence summary – I am still working on it. But I can see a way forward. There is a part of the Eucharistic prayer said in silence during the Mass. That’s too bad, because it is amazing. It comes as the priest adds a small part of water to the chalice of wine. “Through the mysteries of this water and wine, may we come to share in the divinity of Christ who humbled himself to share in our humanity.” It is moment of poverty, mercy, and belonging, all pointing the way home. It is the moment we are called to replicate in the world, to be Christ for others.
What are the “two questions” for your life? Do you condescendere? Do you look in their eyes? Do you touch their hands? This is the beginning of understanding poverty. It is the beginning of the way home.
In the faint light are the late night vendors trying to sell the last of their wares; others waiting for the winding down of the day and the return of their husbands or wives or children; still others are lingering for just a moment more in the fading day. Continue reading
Many people have a very romantic idea of Franciscan life and the vow of poverty. What I can tell you is that the meaning and the manner of living poverty has vexed Franciscans since the beginning with very little about it being terribly romantic. Most of the descriptions and stories of the life of early poverty were written years after St. Francis’ death, when the manner of living the vow – in conjunction with the vow obedience – was a divisive issue among the brothers. In one of the more notable descriptions from the Sacrum Commercium, an anonymous text from a latter period, the author tries to give his or her insight into St Francis: “While they were hastening to the heights with easy steps, behold Lady Poverty, standing on the top of the mountain. Seeing them climb with such strength, almost flying, she was quite astonished. ‘It is a long time since I saw and watched people so free of all burdens.’ And so Lady Poverty greeted them with rich blessings. ‘Tell me brothers, what is the reason for your coming here and why do you come so quickly from the valley of sorrows to the mountain of light?’ They answered: ‘We wish to become servants of the Lord of hosts because He is the King of glory. So, kneeling at your feet, we humbly beg you to agree to live with us and be our way to the King of glory, as you were the way when the dawn from on high came to visit those who sit in darkness and in the shadow of death.'” Continue reading
Today’s commentary is from Bishop Gerald F. Kicanas of Tucson, Arizona, also chairman of Catholic Relief Services.
Poverty is a virtue but also a sad state of suffering and want.
Christ calls us to be poor and said of Himself: “The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air nests: but the son of man has nowhere to lay his head.” Christ invites us, in imitation of Him, to renounce worldly possessions and let go of things we feel we need to embrace a life of simplicity. Yet while poverty is a virtue to be embraced, it also can mean living in less than human circumstances, bereft of basic life necessities. Continue reading